It’s not uncommon for a driver to have to change a tyre from time to time. Punctures and wheel problems are fairly common, making basic knowledge of roadside replacement very useful. At AMS Tyres, we understand how important it is that your vehicle is roadworthy. That’s why we’ve written this useful step-by-step guide on how to safely change a tyre in an emergency.
- Socket Set (optional)
- Tyre iron
- Spare Wheel
Step One: Establish A Safe Working Space
Before you start changing a tyre, it’s important to ensure your safety. Often, you need to fit your spare wheel at the roadside. If this is the case, you need to avoid harm from other motorists. Setting up your emergency breakdown kit with adequate warning for other road users, and getting as far away from the road as possible is paramount to health and safety.
Step Two: Gather Your Tools And Locate Your Spare Tyre
Now that you’re safe, it’s time to find and set up your tools and spare wheel. Remove the tyre from its compartment, which is usually in the boot. Next, find the right size socket for your wheel nuts. Quite often, a spare tyre kit will come with a tyre iron to mitigate the need for sockets and ratchets. Whichever is the case, make sure it’s all ready before you begin replacing your wheel.
Step Three: Loosen Wheel Nuts
This step is important, as it’s a common misconception that you need to jack up your car before loosening the wheel. Pressure from the vehicle above, and the ground below creates the perfect leverage for loosening tight wheel nuts without any movement. We advise loosening each nut in a star formation. This means moving to the opposite side once one nut is loose to ensure equal pressure. Don’t remove the wheel entirely yet, this will be done in the next phase.
Step Four: Jack Up Your Vehicle
Place your jack beneath the vehicle, close to the wheel being worked on. It’s essential to find the right spot to jack from. This is because, if you choose a weak spot or important component, you could end up causing more damage from the vehicle’s weight. The best place to jack is from the chassis or designated jacking points found in your vehicle’s handbook, as these are the strongest parts of your car.
Step Five: Replace The Old Wheel
With your car up off the ground, and wheel nuts loosened, simply remove the nuts entirely along with the damaged wheel. Afterwards, fit your spare in the same fashion, making sure the bolts line up and the wheel is on straight. Screw the wheel nuts on so that they’re firm and holding the tyre in place, but don’t attempt to tighten them fully until the vehicle is back on the ground.
Step Six: Lower Your Car And Tighten The Wheel Nuts
Relieve the pressure from your car jack until it touches the ground and tighten your wheel nuts as much as possible in the same star formation we discussed earlier before releasing the jack fully. Using your foot, and body weight can be an advantage here as it’s crucial that each wheel nut isn’t loose. A spare tyre should only ever be used for short journeys, but it’s still important to fasten safely and securely.
Step Seven: Visit Your Nearest Garage For Replacement Tyres
We recommend visiting the nearest tyre garage for a replacement. A spare wheel is often small, and temporary. These kinds of tyres aren’t designed to be used day to day. Make sure that you get your old, full-size wheel refitted with a new tyre and back on your vehicle.
Contact AMS Tyres For Professional Garage Services
If you’re looking for quality work from industry experts, then get in touch with AMS Tyres. We’re fully certified and experienced in tyre fitting and all other garage services to keep your vehicles running smoothly.